Comparative Analysis of Prevalence of Malocclusion, Facial Type, Orthodontic Variation Along with the Facial Aesthetic Index Among the Dravidian and Aryan Ethnic Population in India

Authors

  • S. D. Ananthalakshmi Under Graduate Student, Department of Public Health Dentistry, SRM Dental College and Hospital, Ramapuram, Chennai, India
  • M. Raj Mohan Reader, Department of Public Health Dentistry, SRM Dental College and Hospital, Ramapuram, Chennai, India
  • S. Elakiya Post Graduate Student, Department of Public Health Dentistry, SRM Dental College and Hospital, Ramapuram, Chennai, India
  • Lubna Fathima Senior Lecturer, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Madha Dental College and Hospital, Kundrathur, Chennai, India
  • V. V. Bharathwaj Senior Lecturer, Department of Public Health Dentistry, SRM Dental College and Hospital, Ramapuram, Chennai, India
  • R. Sindhu Senior Lecturer, Department of Public Health Dentistry, SRM Dental College and Hospital, Ramapuram, Chennai, India
  • D. Prabu Professor and Head, Department of Public Health Dentistry, SRM Dental College and Hospital, Ramapuram, Chennai, India
  • Sunayana Manipal Associate Professor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Jawaharal Institute of Sciences, Porompat, Imphal, East Manipal, India

Keywords:

Aryans, Dravidians, malocclusion, facial type, facial aesthetic index

Abstract

Aim: This study aims to analyze the malocclusion, facial type, and dental aesthetics index among the native diverse groups which are distributed all over the incredible India-Aryans and Dravidians. Materials and Method: The study is a cross-sectional survey. One hundred and sixty-two individual samples were collected in this study. The prevalence of malocclusion was assessed as normal occlusion, class 1, class 2, class 3 occlusion, orthodontic variation, and facial type was recorded along with facial aesthetic index. Descriptive statistics were performed for all the variables collected. Chi-square test was done to find the association between the age of the Aryan and Dravidian population, the association between the gender of Aryan and Dravidian population and the association between facial type and facial aesthetic index of Aryan and Dravidian population. Results: Among the Aryan and Dravidian race, 34.2% of the Dravidian population and 33.7% of the Aryan population had a normal occlusion and found to obtain a p value of 0.043 which found an association between both the populations. Conclusion: The growth of the human may vary from different races. Here in the survey conducted they found a statistically significant similar result among the occlusal variation, facial type and facial aesthetic index among the Dravidian and Aryan population and a statistically insignificant result was obtained among the orthodontic variation among the population.

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Published

13-06-2022

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Articles

How to Cite

[1]
S. D. Ananthalakshmi, “Comparative Analysis of Prevalence of Malocclusion, Facial Type, Orthodontic Variation Along with the Facial Aesthetic Index Among the Dravidian and Aryan Ethnic Population in India”, IJMDES, vol. 1, no. 6, pp. 18–21, Jun. 2022, Accessed: May 20, 2024. [Online]. Available: https://journal.ijmdes.com/ijmdes/article/view/38

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